Using the IPOR Protocol
Liquidity providers (LP) are Protocol service providers. An LP deposits an asset to the pool (currently USDC/USDT/DAI), and traders can open Interest Rate Swaps (IRS) against the pool. For that service, LPs are rewarded with fees, Sum of all Payoffs (SOAP), and through yield generated by asset management smart contracts earning yield from external money markets. Starting from January 25, 2023, LPs will also be rewarded with pwIPOR tokens that are exchangable for IPOR tokens. To learn more about the three types of rewards, have a look here and here. You can also refer to the liquidity provisioning section in the Docs.
As with any liquidity provision, supplying stables to IPOR is associated with certain degrees of risk. Outside of standard third-party risks, there are also economic risks to consider. Spread and utilization thresholds are the measures implemented by the AMM to control the risk of LPs. Refer to the Docs section dedicated to spread calculation or to this paper on pricing AMM risk for more information. You can also read this blog post.
The process of providing liquidity to the IPOR Protocol is similar to other DeFi protocols. The prerequisites are a Web3 wallet (MetaMask or similar) credited with one of the IPOR Protocol-supported assets and some ETH for gas fees payment. Watch this video for step-by-step guidance.
There are no fees when providing liquidity. A will deposit a token and receive ipXXX tokens in return. These are interest-bearing tokens (AKA liquidity tokens) that represent liquidity deposited in the IPOR Protocol.
Liquidity tokens can be redeemed for the underlying collateral at any point, given that the utilization allows that to happen. To prevent an early exit, a fee of 0.5% is charged on withdrawal which is then redistributed to the remaining holders of ipTokens within the same pool.
An ETH-denominated fee (gas fee) is also charged for any operation performed on the Ethereum network, including any mainnet interactions with the IPOR Protocol. You can refer to the Etherscan Gas Tracker for the latest information about Ethereum gas fees.
The IPOR Protocol delivers a vanilla interest rate swap. Traders on the Protocol can open and receive fixed or floating swap contracts with 28-day maturity on available markets. All swaps reference the IPOR Index, calculated on-chain by on-chain data supplied by the largest DeFi money markets, currently AAVE and Compound.
Outside of standard 3rd party risks related to potential exploits, for the duration of their open swap contracts, IPOR Protocol traders are exposed to uncertainty stemming from the volatility of the IPOR indices. Trader losses are capped at 100% of their provided collateral.
The IPOR Automated Market Maker charges several fees including, an opening fee (currently 1% of collateral), a base flat fee (currently $10), and an income fee (currently 10% of trader and liquidity provider profits). A refundable liquidation deposit (currently $25) is also charged upon opening an interest rate swap on the Protocol. For more information about swap fees, consider this Docs section.
The opening fee is paid to the Liquidity Pool as compensation for underwriting the derivative contract risk. The base flat fee is used to subsidize the oracle publications on-chain. The income fee is deposited in the IPOR DAO Treasury. For more information, check the fee section in the Docs.